Last week was the 231st anniversary reenactment of the Battle of Guilford Courthouse.
On the morning of March 15, 1781, some 4,400 American troops, in various uniforms and country clothes, waited for battle at the county seat of Guilford Courthouse, North Carolina. It was the site of a pivotal battle in the Revolutionary War’s decisive Southern Campaign. The engagement set the stage for the region’s liberation from enemy occupation and forced British general Lord Charles Cornwallis to take the ill-fated road that led him to final defeat at Yorktown, Virginia, seven months later.
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park is the nation’s first national park established at a Revolutionary War site preserving the 220-acre heart of the 1781 battlefield. Among the 28 monuments raised on the battlefield is a memorial containing the graves of two of North Carolina’s signers of the Declaration of Independence, William Hooper and John Penn.